Electricians use a range of hand and power tools and instruments. Some of the more common tools are: Conduit Bender: Bender used to bend various types of Electrical Conduit.
Commonly used to create custom knock-outs in a breaker panel or junction box. Cord, Rope or Fish Tape.
The fishing tool is pushed, dropped, or shot into the installed raceway, stud-bay or joist-bay of a finished wall or in a floor or ceiling.
Then the wire or cable is attached and pulled back. Crimping Tools: Used to apply terminals or splices.
Some hand tools have ratchets to insure proper pressure.Hydraulic units achieve cold welding, even for aluminum cable. Insulation Resistance Tester: Commonly referred to as a Megger, these testers apply several hundred to several thousand volts to cables and equipment to determine the insulation resistance value. Knockout Punch: For punching holes into boxes, panels, switchgear, etc.
for inserting cable & pipe connectors. GFI/GFCI Testers: Used to test the functionality of Ground-Fault Interrupting receptacles. Voltmeter: An electrician's tool used to measure electrical potential difference between two points in an electric circuit. Other general-use tools include screwdrivers, hammers, reciprocating saws, drywall saws, flashlights, chisels, tongue and groove pliers (Commonly referred to as 'Channellock?' pliers, a famous manufacturer of this tool) and drills. Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrician
A lineman (American English) or linesman (British English), also occasionally called a lineworker, powerline technician (PLT), or a powerline worker, is a tradesman who constructs and maintains electric power transmission and distribution facilities. The term is also used for those who install and maintain telephone, telegraph, cable TV and more recent fiber optic lines. The term refers to those who work in generally outdoor installation and maintenance jobs. Those who install and maintain electrical wiring inside buildings are electricians.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lineman_%28technician%29
Some electricians are union members and work under their union's policies. Australia Electricians can choose to be represented by the Electrical Trade Union (ETU).Electrical Contractors can be represented by the National Electrical & Communications Association or Master Electricians Australia. North America Some electricians are union members.Some examples of electricians' unions are: International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers; Canadian Union of Public Employees, International Union of Electronic, Electrical, Salaried, Machine, and Furniture Workers ; and the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers. The International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers provides its own apprenticeships through its National Joint Apprenticeship and Training Committee and the National Electrical Contractors Association. Many merit shop training and apprenticeship programs also exist, including those offered by such as trade associations as Associated Builders and Contractors and Independent Electrical Contractors.
These organizations provide comprehensive training, in accordance with U.S.Department of Labor regulations. England/Ireland In England, electricians are represented by several unions including Unite the Union In the Republic of Ireland there are two self-regulation/self certification bodies RECI Register of Electrical Contractors of Ireland and ECSSA.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrician.